Agriculture sector is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in overall socio-economic fabric of the nation. It employs 50% of Indian workforce in agriculture and it\’s allied sectors, hence accounting for 17-18% of the country\’s GDP. If we ask what studying agriculture means? The first thought that would strike a person is to study of being a farmer, learn how to plant seeds or rear cattle. This thinking causes people to assume that agriculture studies offers no job opportunities. However this is mere a misconception, which leads to student giving agriculture the least priority while selecting a career.
This article we hope clears these misconceptions.
About the Course-
Studying agriculture comes with much broader outlook and greater potential. Graduation in agriculture typically is offered as Bachelor\’s of science in agriculture (BSc Agriculture), that is a 4 years long professional course that leaves you well versed with the each dimension of agriculture.
BSc Agriculture is interdisciplinary in nature, During the duration of the course several subjects are tough that gives the complete insight of agriculture and related disciplines, The subjects like Genetics, Plant breeding, Extension Education, Horticulture (Fruit and Vegetable sciences), Forestry, Plant Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Soil Sciences, Agronomy and it\’s branches, Economics, statistics and Farm engineering comprising some from the list.
Studying Agriculture over the span of 4 years requires ample amount of practical, field knowledge, f or this purpose BHU South Campus is a boon with 500 acres of f arm land f or the agriculture department, adding to which KVK within the campus serves as a hub of technical training to farmers as well as the students who get to witness the programs.
BSc Agriculture degree equips a student with the knowledge and skills that will helps them manage agri-preneurship, to carry out research work, work in agricultural field, conduct field surveys and manage areas related to f arming practices.
For pursuing BSc Agriculture (Hons), the candidate requires 10+2 (PCB/ PCM) or Agriculture stream with atleast 50% in aggregate. For SC/ST candidates eligibility will be as per University rules.
The Age of the candidate should not be less than 16 and not more than 25 on 1 July of the year of entrance.
Apart from the academic qualif ications a candidate should have interest in agro-based learning
Possess good organizational skills have the ability to plan and conduct research have leadership qualities
Be able to work in a team Possess managerial and Communication skills
Possess some numeracy skills to understand the role of economics in an agricultural role
Fee for BSc Agriculture in the main campus is Rs 2666/-
In the south campus, barkaccha BSc Ag runs as a special course with the fee being. Rs 30000/- + Rs
Procedure of Admission-
There will be a common test for B.Sc (Ag.) for admission in both main and South campus.
The questions are of MCQ Type comprising sections of Mental Ability, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics,
Biology (Botany, Zoology), Agriculture out of which 3 are toh attempted.
There will be 100 questions making the total marks to 300, With each question fetching 3 marks.
The time duration is of 2 hours.
Negative marking is also there.
Then after you reach the exam cut-off you\’re called for counseling.
The demand for graduates with a degree in agriculture is increasing every day in India and abroad. And this demand is not likely to go down as “food” is the basic necessity for life. Feeding the world will never face a recession. In fact, the development in technology, research, and innovation has and will multiply the scope of agriculture in a big way in the coming future.
This was about graduation, now the question is UG done! What now?
If you don\’t want to pursue Post graduation, There are companies in the private sector waiting to recruit you after graduation as well.
If going f or post graduation you have options you might go on to give JRF exam to carry on your masters out of many subjects to choose from if you score well.
Or you can go on to pursue an MBA in Agribusiness Management that\’s offered by leading IIMs in the country.
Now after PG, You may go on with PhD enabling you to be a scientist and a professor.
Or one might go for other state level exams such as assistant agriculture officer, extension officer, seed officer, forest officer and many more.
In fact, there are vast opportunities waiting in central government as well with FCI, IFFCO, seaports and airports etc offering recruitment Jobs in banks are also available for the people interested such as posts of Agriculture field officer, Agriculture development officers, junior agriculture associates hired by public sector as well as private banks.
Then the appearance in competitive exams like UPSC (Agri graduates are the requirement at times), SSC, Defence are always open.
No industry is best suited to be an entrepreneur than the agriculture industry. Agri based entrepreneurs are on a rise these days.
Also if you\’re interested in writing then there this agriculture journalism the apt job for you.
There are many more if mentioned the list will go on.
So summing up all, agriculture is no more the stereotypical farming activity, it\’s far beyond that ranging from a 9-5 private sector job to practicing farming in the field.
It\’s a diverse course with not just crop and soil but also the social science aspect as well as the commercial part.
Bachelor\’s in Agriculture today is one of the most engrossing and emerging courses far from the conventional Bachelor degrees.
And cherry on the cake being pursing the course from one of the too ranked agriculture institutes in India, Institute of Agriculture Sciences, BHU.
- By- Vaishnavi Pandey, B.Sc Agriculture